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Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market [Component: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE), Home Energy Management (HEM), Smart Meters and Software; Charging Type: Unidirectional Charging and Bidirectional Charging] - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 2022-2031

Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Outlook 2031

  • The global vehicle-to-grid technology market size was valued at US$ 2.78 Bn in 2021.
  • It is estimated to advance at a CAGR of 16.45% from 2022 to 2031
  • The global vehicle-to-grid technology market size is expected to reach US$ 12.75 Bn by the end of 2031.

Analysts’ Viewpoint on Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Scenario

Rise in demand for natural resources to power electric vehicles, stringent emission regulations in most of the developed and developing countries, implementation of zero emission technology, and increase in government funding and tax benefits to improve awareness about electric vehicles among the public are some of the factors that driving the vehicle-to-grid technology market. Moreover, a surge in production and sales of electric vehicles across the globe is a major factor that has contributed in the V2G market growth. Major challenges facing the market include a lack of infrastructural development and high initial cost of technology integration. However, a rise in the demand for fast charging or turbo charging stations globally is expected to boost the vehicle-to-grid technology market in the future.

Vehicle To Grid Technology Market

Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Introduction

Vehicle to grid, or v2g technology, is comparable to solar panels that generates power on their own. Similarly, the electric vehicle can redistribute, stock, or even generate power with the help of the vehicle to grid technology. Parked electric vehicles are ideal, which only consume power, thus vehicle to grid system helps in feeding back electricity that is contained in a parked electric car’s batteries into the electrical grid.

The smart grid endorses data sharing among consumers and suppliers and experiences a major issue of energy storage, while storage of large quantities of electricity is very difficult. However, the generated electricity in a vehicle is excessive or not enough to power the network, thus most of the output gets wasted. Here, car to grid technology, manages the electricity by balancing it out in real-time, and further adjusts the flow of electricity. Moreover, the V2G technology battery is considered as an extension for the electrical grid, which stores the energy that is produced in lower demand, and feeds back the energy into the system while demand is higher.

Moreover, the vehicle-to-grid technology market status and challenges include increase in adoption of electric vehicles across the globe, surge in awareness about saving energy, and introduction of advanced features in an electric vehicles.

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Increased Demand for Natural Resources to Power Electric Vehicles Boosts Market

A vehicle to grid technology battery is considered as a bi-directional charging battery that can provides power to the vehicle’s electric grid and can also charge the vehicle battery. Such V2G technology is gaining traction among manufacturers of electric vehicles due to its advantages of bi-directional charging and it makes a substantial contribution for emissions-free electric vehicles, as it extensively utilizes a large quantity of renewable energy sources.

Demand for renewable energy sources is increasing for electricity generation for several applications including for the automotive industry. Shortage of such energy sources for power generation and a scarcity of power for electric vehicles further makes the network unstable and propels the demand for more energy storage in a vehicle. However, the more power storage capacity is made available using V2G technology, which can absorb unused energy and prevent it from wastage.

The car to grid system operates on the principle of smart charging, which makes it possible to consume majorly green energy more efficiently. Furthermore, it is also assumed that V2G technology can be utilized as an alternative energy source for domestic use, where an electric vehicle owner can supply power to his home which is drawn by V2G battery. Such technology is still in the nascent phase, and it’s expected to create an opportunities for the vehicle-to-grid technology market during the forecast period.

Government Regulations and Investments to Increase Adoption of Battery Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles Drive Market

Government schemes and benefits across the globe, which include Zero-Emission Vehicle Program of California, U.S., European Green Cars Initiative of European Union, and Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme of India, provide incentives and tax benefits to consumers and manufacturers and further enhance the demand and adoption of electric vehicles.

Moreover, adverse health effects of vehicle emission also boost the demand for electric vehicles. According to the European Environment Agency report, 2018, the air quality across Europe has deteriorated due to rising vehicle emissions, which further caused rise in healthcare cost to approximately US$D 80 Bn. However, such rise in healthcare cost due to vehicle pollution, further leads to enactment of government norms, in order to curb vehicle emissions. Thus rising government regulations and investments is driving the vehicle to grid technology market.

Rise in Usage of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment to Connect Electric Vehicle to Grid

Based on component, the vehicle-to-grid technology market has been classified into electric vehicle supply equipment, home energy management, smart meters, and software. The electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) segment held a dominant share for the vehicle-to-grid technology market in 2021, owing to its rising usage for connecting electric vehicle to the grid. The EVSE is one of the key components that connects the electric vehicle and helps charge and supply energy back to vehicle’s electric grid. Increase in trend for smart and renewable energy generation boosts the demand for EVSE, which is extensively used in supply of power to grid and battery.

High Preference of V2G Technology for Battery Electric Vehicles

Based on vehicle type, the vehicle-to-grid technology market has been split into battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and fuel cell vehicles. The battery electric vehicles segment holds a major share of the global market in 2021. Battery electric vehicles witnessed early implementation of vehicle to grid technology, due to which the segment held highest share for the market. Moreover, demand for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is anticipated to rise at a rapid pace during the forecast period due to high power return capacity and large battery size of the PHEVs. Furthermore, rise in demand for vehicle to everything or V2X communication module in new electric vehicle models propels the market.

Regional Outlook of Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

Europe held a dominant share in the vehicle-to-grid technology market, in terms of revenue, in 2021. The vehicle to grid technology in the U.K., witnessed several manufacturers are investing to design and develop certain technologies in electric mobility and smart energy management segment, which results in reversible charging solutions. Moreover, Groupe Renault has deployed bi-directional chargers, Renault Z.E Smart Charge, across Europe, which offer sensible and smart energy consumption. Europe has more number of on road electric vehicles and electric vehicle manufacturers, which also boosts the vehicle-to-grid technology market. Furthermore, stringent vehicle emission norms and tax benefits and incentives provided by the European government for adoption of electric vehicles have increased the demand for V2G technology in the region.

North America also held a significant share of the global vehicle-to-grid technology market, in terms of revenue, in 2021. Additionally, v2g compatible cars of 2022, in the U.S., such as Nissan LEAF, Nissan e-NV200, and Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, are CHAdeMo vehicles that are compatible with V2G technology. Such vehicle-to-grid solutions offer several benefits and prompt numerous other manufacturers to enter vehicle-to-grid compatible market.

Analysis of Key Players in Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

The global market is split with more number of vehicle-to-grid companies that are controlling the market share and key companies holding the potential to drive the market, by adopting newer and advanced technologies and by making consistent changes in their charging solutions. However, mergers and acquisitions and development in product portfolios are major strategies that are adopted by key players. Some of the manufacturers identified in the vehicle-to-grid technology market across the globe are: Nissan Motor Corporation, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, Hitachi Energy Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Groupe Renault, Denso Corporation, NUVVE Corporation, NextEra Energy, Inc. (NEE), ENGIE Group, OVO Energy Ltd., EnerDel, Inc., Energie Baden Wuerttemberg AG (EnBW), Endesa SA, EV Grid, NRG Energy Inc., and PG&E Corporation.

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Key Developments in Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

In April 2022, Porsche AG collaborated with TransnetBW, a key transmission grid operator in Germany, and consulting firm Intelligent Energy System Services (IE2S), to demonstrate an intelligent swarm of electric cars and how vehicle to grid technology acts as a mobile power-storage unit and enables electric vehicles to feed and draw electricity to and from the grid at times of high demand.

In October 2021, Nuvve Holding Corp. and Wallbox Chargers announced a collaborative partnership to design and develop vehicle to grid (V2G) technology in Iberia. The partnership has designed a two-way charger that offers the extra flexibility to retailer power and also discharge additional power from the electric vehicle’s battery again to the grid.

Each of these players has been profiled in the vehicle-to-grid market report based on parameters including company overview, financial overview, business strategies, product portfolio, business segments, and recent developments.

Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Snapshot

Attribute

Detail

Market Size Value in 2021

US$ 2.78 Bn

Market Forecast Value in 2031

US$ 12.75 Bn

Growth Rate

(CAGR)

16.45%

Forecast Period

2022–2031

Historical Data Available for

2017–2021

Quantitative Units

US$ Bn for Value and Thousand Units for Volume

Market Analysis

It includes cross segment analysis at global as well as regional level. Furthermore, qualitative analysis includes drivers, restraints, opportunities, key trends, Porter’s Five Forces analysis, value chain analysis, and key trend analysis.

Competition Landscape

  • Market share analysis by company (2021)
  • Company profiles section includes overview, product portfolio, sales footprint, key subsidiaries or distributors, strategy & recent developments, and key financials

Format

Electronic (PDF) + Excel

Market Segmentation

  • Component
    • Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)
    • Home Energy Management (HEM)
    • Smart Meters
    • Software
  • Charging Type
    • Unidirectional Charging
    • Bidirectional Charging
  • Vehicle Type
    • Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
    • Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
    • Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

Regions Covered

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa
  • South America

Countries Covered

  • U.S.
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • Germany
  • U.K.
  • France
  • Spain
  • Italy
  • Russia & CIS
  • China
  • India
  • Japan
  • ASEAN
  • South Korea
  • Brazil
  • Argentina
  • GCC
  • South Africa

Companies Profiled

  • Nissan Motor Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Motors Corporation
  • Hitachi Energy Ltd.
  • Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
  • Groupe Renault
  • Denso Corporation
  • NUVVE Corporation
  • NextEra Energy, Inc. (NEE)
  • ENGIE Group
  • OVO Energy Ltd.
  • EnerDel, Inc.
  • Energie Baden Wuerttemberg AG (EnBW)
  • Endesa SA
  • EV Grid
  • NRG Energy Inc.
  • PG&E Corporation

Customization Scope

Available upon request

Pricing

Available upon request

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Frequently Asked Questions

How big was the vehicle-to-grid technology market in 2021?

The vehicle-to-grid technology market was valued at US$ 2.78 Bn in 2021

How is the vehicle-to-grid technology market expected to grow by 2031?

The vehicle-to-grid technology market is expected to advance at a CAGR of 16.45% by 2031

How much worth the vehicle-to-grid technology market will be in 2031?

The vehicle-to-grid technology market is expected to reach US$ 12.75 Bn in 2031

Which key trends are driving the vehicle-to-grid technology market?

Rise in demand for natural resources to power electric vehicles, stringent emission regulations, implementation of zero emission technology, increase in government funding and tax benefits to improve electric vehicle awareness, and rise in production and sales of electric vehicles

Which charging type segment accounts for largest share in vehicle-to-grid technology market?

The bidirectional charging segment accounted for 83.8% share of the vehicle-to-grid technology market.

Which region is most lucrative in vehicle-to-grid technology market?

Europe is a highly lucrative region of the global vehicle-to-grid technology market

Who are the prominent players in the vehicle-to-grid technology market?

Nissan Motor Corporation, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, Hitachi Energy Ltd., Honda Motor Co., Ltd., Groupe Renault, Denso Corporation, NUVVE Corporation, NextEra Energy, Inc. (NEE), ENGIE Group, OVO Energy Ltd., EnerDel, Inc., Energie Baden Wuerttemberg AG (EnBW), Endesa SA, EV Grid, NRG Energy Inc., and PG&E Corporation

1. Preface

    1.1. About TMR

    1.2. Market Coverage / Taxonomy

    1.3. Assumptions and Research Methodology

2. Executive Summary

    2.1. Global Market Outlook

        2.1.1. Market Size, Units, US$ Bn, 2017‒2031

    2.2. Demand & Supply Side Trends

    2.3. TMR Analysis and Recommendations

    2.4. Competitive Dashboard Analysis

3. Market Overview

    3.1. Macro-Economic Factors

    3.2. Market Dynamics

        3.2.1. Drivers

        3.2.2. Restraints

        3.2.3. Opportunity

    3.3. Market Factor Analysis

        3.3.1. Porter’s Five Force Analysis

        3.3.2. SWOT Analysis

    3.4. Regulatory Scenario

    3.5. Key Trend Analysis

    3.6. Value Chain Analysis

    3.7. Cost Structure Analysis

    3.8. Profit Margin Analysis

4. COVID-19 Impact Analysis – Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

5. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market, by Component

    5.1. Market Snapshot

        5.1.1. Introduction, Definition, and Key Findings

        5.1.2. Market Growth & Y-o-Y Projections

        5.1.3. Base Point Share Analysis

    5.2. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

        5.2.1. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

        5.2.2. Home Energy Management (HEM)

        5.2.3. Smart Meters

        5.2.4. Software

6. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market, by Charging Type

    6.1. Market Snapshot

        6.1.1. Introduction, Definition, and Key Findings

        6.1.2. Market Growth & Y-o-Y Projections

        6.1.3. Base Point Share Analysis

    6.2. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

        6.2.1. Unidirectional Charging

        6.2.2. Bidirectional Charging

7. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market, by Vehicle Type

    7.1. Market Snapshot

        7.1.1. Introduction, Definition, and Key Findings

        7.1.2. Market Growth & Y-o-Y Projections

        7.1.3. Base Point Share Analysis

    7.2. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031 

        7.2.1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

        7.2.2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

        7.2.3. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

8. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market, by Region

    8.1. Market Snapshot

        8.1.1. Introduction, Definition, and Key Findings

        8.1.2. Market Growth & Y-o-Y Projections

        8.1.3. Base Point Share Analysis

    8.2. Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Region, 2017‒2031

        8.2.1. North America

        8.2.2. Europe

        8.2.3. Asia Pacific

        8.2.4. Middle East & Africa

        8.2.5. South America

9. North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

    9.1. Market Snapshot

    9.2. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

        9.2.1. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

        9.2.2. Home Energy Management (HEM)

        9.2.3. Smart Meters

        9.2.4. Software

    9.3. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

        9.3.1. Unidirectional Charging

        9.3.2. Bidirectional Charging

    9.4. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

        9.4.1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

        9.4.2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

        9.4.3. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

    9.5. Key Country Analysis – North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, 2017‒2031

        9.5.1. The U. S.

        9.5.2. Canada

        9.5.3. Mexico

10. Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

    10.1. Market Snapshot

    10.2. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

        10.2.1. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

        10.2.2. Home Energy Management (HEM)

        10.2.3. Smart Meters

        10.2.4. Software

    10.3. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

        10.3.1. Unidirectional Charging

        10.3.2. Bidirectional Charging

    10.4. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

        10.4.1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

        10.4.2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

        10.4.3. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

    10.5. Key Country Analysis – Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, 2017‒2031

        10.5.1. Germany

        10.5.2. U. K.

        10.5.3. France

        10.5.4. Italy

        10.5.5. Spain

        10.5.6. Nordic Countries

        10.5.7. Russia & CIS

        10.5.8. Rest of Europe

11. Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

    11.1. Market Snapshot

    11.2. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

        11.2.1. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

        11.2.2. Home Energy Management (HEM)

        11.2.3. Smart Meters

        11.2.4. Software

    11.3. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

        11.3.1. Unidirectional Charging

        11.3.2. Bidirectional Charging

    11.4. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

        11.4.1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

        11.4.2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

        11.4.3. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

    11.5. Key Country Analysis – Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, 2017‒2031

        11.5.1. China

        11.5.2. India

        11.5.3. Japan

        11.5.4. ASEAN Countries

        11.5.5. South Korea

        11.5.6. ANZ

        11.5.7. Rest of Asia Pacific

12. Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

    12.1. Market Snapshot

    12.2. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

        12.2.1. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

        12.2.2. Home Energy Management (HEM)

        12.2.3. Smart Meters

        12.2.4. Software

    12.3. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

        12.3.1. Unidirectional Charging

        12.3.2. Bidirectional Charging

    12.4. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

        12.4.1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

        12.4.2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

        12.4.3. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

    12.5. Key Country Analysis – Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, 2017‒2031

        12.5.1. GCC

        12.5.2. South Africa

        12.5.3. Turkey

        12.5.4. Rest of Middle East & Africa

13. South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

    13.1. Market Snapshot

    13.2. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

        13.2.1. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)

        13.2.2. Home Energy Management (HEM)

        13.2.3. Smart Meters

        13.2.4. Software

    13.3. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

        13.3.1. Unidirectional Charging

        13.3.2. Bidirectional Charging

    13.4. Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

        13.4.1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

        13.4.2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

        13.4.3. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)

    13.5. Key Country Analysis – South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) & Volume (Thousand Units) Analysis & Forecast, 2017‒2031

        13.5.1. Brazil

        13.5.2. Argentina

        13.5.3. Rest of South America

14. Competitive Landscape

    14.1. Company Share Analysis/ Brand Share Analysis, 2020

    14.2. Company Analysis for each player

Company Overview, Company Footprints, Production Locations, Product Portfolio, Competitors & Customers, Subsidiaries & Parent Organization, Recent Developments, Financial Analysis, Profitability, Revenue Share, Executive Bios

    14.3. Company Profile/ Key Players – Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market

        14.3.1. Nissan Motor Corporation

            14.3.1.1. Company Overview

            14.3.1.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.1.3. Production Locations

            14.3.1.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.1.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.1.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.1.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.1.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.1.9. Profitability

            14.3.1.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.1.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.2. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation

            14.3.2.1. Company Overview

            14.3.2.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.2.3. Production Locations

            14.3.2.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.2.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.2.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.2.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.2.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.2.9. Profitability

            14.3.2.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.2.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.3. Hitachi Energy Ltd.

            14.3.3.1. Company Overview

            14.3.3.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.3.3. Production Locations

            14.3.3.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.3.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.3.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.3.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.3.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.3.9. Profitability

            14.3.3.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.3.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.4. Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

            14.3.4.1. Company Overview

            14.3.4.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.4.3. Production Locations

            14.3.4.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.4.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.4.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.4.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.4.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.4.9. Profitability

            14.3.4.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.4.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.5. Groupe Renault

            14.3.5.1. Company Overview

            14.3.5.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.5.3. Production Locations

            14.3.5.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.5.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.5.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.5.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.5.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.5.9. Profitability

            14.3.5.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.5.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.6. Denso Corporation

            14.3.6.1. Company Overview

            14.3.6.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.6.3. Production Locations

            14.3.6.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.6.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.6.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.6.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.6.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.6.9. Profitability

            14.3.6.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.6.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.7. NUVVE Corporation

            14.3.7.1. Company Overview

            14.3.7.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.7.3. Production Locations

            14.3.7.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.7.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.7.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.7.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.7.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.7.9. Profitability

            14.3.7.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.7.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.8. NextEra Energy, Inc. (NEE)

            14.3.8.1. Company Overview

            14.3.8.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.8.3. Production Locations

            14.3.8.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.8.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.8.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.8.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.8.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.8.9. Profitability

            14.3.8.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.8.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.9. ENGIE Group

            14.3.9.1. Company Overview

            14.3.9.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.9.3. Production Locations

            14.3.9.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.9.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.9.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.9.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.9.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.9.9. Profitability

            14.3.9.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.9.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.10. OVO Energy Ltd.

            14.3.10.1. Company Overview

            14.3.10.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.10.3. Production Locations

            14.3.10.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.10.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.10.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.10.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.10.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.10.9. Profitability

            14.3.10.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.10.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.11. EnerDel, Inc.

            14.3.11.1. Company Overview

            14.3.11.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.11.3. Production Locations

            14.3.11.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.11.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.11.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.11.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.11.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.11.9. Profitability

            14.3.11.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.11.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.12. Energie Baden Wuerttemberg AG (EnBW)

            14.3.12.1. Company Overview

            14.3.12.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.12.3. Production Locations

            14.3.12.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.12.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.12.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.12.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.12.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.12.9. Profitability

            14.3.12.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.12.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.13. Endesa SA

            14.3.13.1. Company Overview

            14.3.13.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.13.3. Production Locations

            14.3.13.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.13.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.13.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.13.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.13.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.13.9. Profitability

            14.3.13.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.13.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.14. EV Grid

            14.3.14.1. Company Overview

            14.3.14.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.14.3. Production Locations

            14.3.14.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.14.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.14.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.14.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.14.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.14.9. Profitability

            14.3.14.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.14.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.15. NRG Energy Inc.

            14.3.15.1. Company Overview

            14.3.15.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.15.3. Production Locations

            14.3.15.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.15.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.15.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.15.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.15.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.15.9. Profitability

            14.3.15.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.15.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.16. PG&E Corporation

            14.3.16.1. Company Overview

            14.3.16.2. Company Footprints

            14.3.16.3. Production Locations

            14.3.16.4. Product Portfolio

            14.3.16.5. Competitors & Customers

            14.3.16.6. Subsidiaries & Parent Organization

            14.3.16.7. Recent Developments

            14.3.16.8. Financial Analysis

            14.3.16.9. Profitability

            14.3.16.10. Revenue Share

            14.3.16.11. Executive Bios

        14.3.17. Other Key Players

List of Tables

Table 1: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 2: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 3: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 4: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 5: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 6: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 7: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Region, 2017‒2031

Table 8: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Region, 2017‒2031

Table 9: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 10: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 11: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 12: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 13: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 14: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 15: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Country, 2017‒2031

Table 16: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Country, 2017‒2031

Table 17: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 18: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 19: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 20: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 21: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 22: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 23: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 24: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 25: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 26: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 27: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 28: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 29: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 30: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 31: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 32: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 33: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 34: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 35: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 36: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 37: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 38: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 39: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 40: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 41: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 42: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Component, 2017‒2031

Table 43: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 44: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Table 45: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 46: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Table 47: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Table 48: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Value (US$ Bn) Forecast, by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

List of Figures

Figure 1: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Volume (Thousand Units) Forecast, 2017–2031

Figure 2: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Revenue (US$ Million) Forecast, 2017–2031

Figure 3: Key Segment Analysis for Global

Figure 4: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), 2017‒2031

Figure 5: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2017‒2031

Figure 6: Global Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2022‒2031

Figure 7: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 8: Global Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 9: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 10: Global Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 11: Global Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Region, 2017‒2031

Figure 12: Global Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Region, 2022‒2031

Figure 13: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2017‒2031

Figure 14: North America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2022‒2031

Figure 15: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 16: North America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 17: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 18: North America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 19: North America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Country, 2017‒2031

Figure 20: North America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Country, 2022‒2031

Figure 21: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2017‒2031

Figure 22: Europe Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2022‒2031

Figure 23: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 24: Europe Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 25: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 26: Europe Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 27: Europe Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Figure 28: Europe Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2022‒2031

Figure 29: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2017‒2031

Figure 30: Asia Pacific Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2022‒2031

Figure 31: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 32: Asia Pacific Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 33: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 34: Asia Pacific Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 35: Asia Pacific Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Figure 36: Asia Pacific Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2022‒2031

Figure 37: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2017‒2031

Figure 38: Middle East & Africa Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2022‒2031

Figure 39: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 40: Middle East & Africa Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 41: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 42: Middle East & Africa Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 43: Middle East & Africa Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Figure 44: Middle East & Africa Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2022‒2031

Figure 45: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2017‒2031

Figure 46: South America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Component, 2022‒2031

Figure 47: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 48: South America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Charging Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 49: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2017‒2031

Figure 50: South America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Vehicle Type, 2022‒2031

Figure 51: South America Vehicle-to-Grid Technology Market Size & Forecast, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2017‒2031

Figure 52: South America Market Attractiveness, Value (US$ Mn), by Country & Sub-region, 2022‒2031

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